Use small bags of the crumbled moss as soil-free seed starter. Place the moss in a small container, dampen and place the seeds within. The moss helps keep them warm and moist enough, but not too moist, as they prepare to germinate. Use the moss for growing orchids as well.
Sphagnum Moss 500g (40 Litre)
Sphagnum moss grows in damp areas with high soil acidity. It grows in clumps, which can spread over a large area. Gardeners usually know about sphagnum moss and its many uses. Its ability to absorb and retain water and its ability to insulate naturally provides many applications for plant care. However, this moss’s value, historically and in modern times, also extends beyond the garden.
Related product is Peat Moss. Buy Peat Moss in Bulk Online on the Gold Coast
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Sphagnum Moss Structure
Sphagnum moss consists of a main stem with two to three spreading branches and two to four hanging branches. The top of the plant consists of tightly clustered side branches which emerge the following season. Along the stem are many leaves which consist of two types of cells: small, green living cells (chlorophyllous cells) and large clear, structural dead cells (hyaline cells) that have a high water holding capacity. Hyaline cells not only help sphagnum moss tolerate drier conditions by storing water, but also contribute to its large water holding capacity when used in growing media.
Sphagnum moss can be used in hanging planter baskets for flowers. The moss helps keep the soil warm and holds moisture in, keeping the soil from drying out as quickly. Sometimes, the moss is mixed in with the soil, for hanging baskets and in the garden, to aerate the soil and/or add acidity. Florists also use it for decorative and preservative purposes.
Because of its extreme absorbency (the moss can absorb many times its own weight), medical personnel used sphagnum moss historically as a wound dressing. They applied the moss either directly to a wound to staunch bleeding or dried and placed in a cloth sack to be pressed to a wound.
Place a bit of this moss on top of a house plant’s soil helps keep the plant roots warm and the soil damp–by using sphagnum this way, you’ll cut down the need to water house plants as frequently.
Sphagnum, like all other land plants, has an alternation of generations; like other bryophytes, the haploid gametophyte generation is dominant and persistent. Unlike other mosses, the long-lived gametophytes do not rely upon rhizoids to assist in water uptake.
Sphagnum species can be unisexual (male or female, dioecious) or bisexual (male and female gametes produced from the same plant; monoecious); In North America, 80% of Sphagnum species are unisexual.
Swimming sperm fertilize eggs contained in archegonia that remain attached to the female gametophyte. The sporophyte is relatively short-lived, and consists almost entirely of a shiny green, spherical spore capsule that becomes black with spores. Sporophytes are raised on stalks to facilitate spore dispersal, but unlike other mosses, Sphagnum stalks are produced by the maternal gametophyte. Tetrahedral haploid spores are produced in the sporophyte by meiosis, which are then dispersed when the capsule explosively discharges its cap, called an operculum, and shoots the spores some distance. The spores germinate to produce minute protonemae, which start as filaments, can become thalloid, and can produce a few rhizoids. Soon afterwards, the protonema develops buds and these differentiate into its characteristic, erect, leafy, branched gametophyte with chlorophyllose cells and hyaline cells. This stage dominates the environment where Sphagnum grows, obliterating and burying the protonema and eventually building up into layers of dead moss called peat.
Carpets of living Sphagnum may be attacked by various fungi, and one fungus that is also a mushroom, Sphagnurus paluster, produces conspicuous dead patches. When this fungus and other agarics attack the protonema, Sphagnum is induced to produce nonphotosynthetic gemmae that can survive the fungal attack and months later germinate to produce new protonema and leafy gametophytes. It is unknown whether the leafy stage can produce such gemmae.
- found in wet and boggy areas
- likes acidic (low pH) soil
- generally, not found growing in the woods or in water that contains lime
- sometimes grows in small patches, but generally found growing in a thick, dense clump
- moss grows so close that it forms a cushiony “bog mat” that floats on top of the water; the mat is so strong that it can support the weight of several large moose
- roots are very shallow
- tiny and sometimes slightly toothed
- grow in hair-like tufts close to the stem (no higher than 4 inches)
- usually light green, but some species have yellow, pink, deep red, or brown leaves
A delicate system of capillary tubes allows the moss to absorb water like a sponge. It can then be squeezed out and used again. Dried moss catches fire easily and is therefore an excellent tinder material. However, because moss grows in wet, swampy areas, dried moss is hard to find in abundance, and it does not burn as long as some other more readily available tinder materials.
|Dimensions||30 × 15 × 15 cm|
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